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  • Introduction: The Nature of Science and Physics AP®

  • Introduction: The Nature of Science and Physics - Final Assessment

    • This topic

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      • Kinematics AP®

        2.1. Displacement
        2.2. Vectors, Scalars, and Coordinate Systems
        2.3. Time, Velocity, and Speed
        2.4. Acceleration
        2.5. Motion Equations for Constant Acceleration in One Dimension
        2.6. Problem-Solving Basics for One Dimensional Kinematics
        2.7. Falling Objects
        2.8. Graphical Analysis of One Dimensional Motion
        Final Assessment

        • Two-Dimensional Kinematics AP®

          3.1. Kinematics in Two Dimensions: An Introduction
          3.2. Vector Addition and Subtraction: Graphical Methods
          3.3. Vector Addition and Subtraction: Analytical Methods
          3.4. Projectile Motion
          3.5. Addition of Velocities
          Final Assessment

          • Dynamics: Force and Newton's Laws of Motion AP®

            4.1. Development of Force Concept
            4.2. Newton's First Law of Motion: Inertia
            4.3. Newton's Second Law of Motion: Concept of a System
            4.4. Newton's Third Law of Motion: Symmetry in Forces
            4.5. Normal, Tension, and Other Examples of Force
            4.6. Problem-Solving Strategies
            4.7. Further Applications of Newton's Laws of Motion
            4.8. Extended Topic: The Four Basic Forces—An Introduction
            Final Assessment

            • Further Applications of Newton's Laws: Friction, Drag, and Elasticity AP®

              5.1. Friction
              5.2. Drag Forces
              5.3. Elasticity: Stress and Strain
              Final Assessment

              • Gravitation and Uniform Circular Motion AP®

                6.1. Rotation Angle and Angular Velocity
                6.2. Centripetal Acceleration
                6.3. Centripetal Force
                6.4. Fictitious Forces and Non-inertial Frames: The Coriolis Force
                6.5. Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation
                6.6. Satellites and Kepler's Laws: An Argument for Simplicity
                Final Assessment

                • Work, Energy, and Energy Resources AP®

                  7.1. Work: The Scientific Definition
                  7.2. Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Theorem
                  7.3. Gravitational Potential Energy
                  7.4. Conservative Forces and Potential Energy
                  7.5. Nonconservative Forces
                  7.6. Conservation of Energy
                  7.7. Power
                  7.8. Work, Energy, and Power in Humans
                  7.9. World Energy Use
                  Final Assessment

                  • Linear Momentum and Collisions AP®

                    8.1. Linear Momentum and Force
                    8.2. Impulse
                    8.3. Conservation of Momentum
                    8.4. Elastic Collisions in One Dimension
                    8.5. Inelastic Collisions in One Dimension
                    8.6. Collisions of Point Masses in Two Dimensions
                    8.7. Introduction to Rocket Propulsion
                    Final Assessment

                    • Statics and Torque AP®

                      9.1. The First Condition for Equilibrium
                      9.2. The Second Condition for Equilibrium
                      9.3. Stability
                      9.4. Applications of Statics, Including Problem-Solving Strategies
                      9.5. Simple Machines
                      9.6. Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints
                      Final Assessment

                      • Rotational Motion and Angular Momentum AP®

                        10.1. Angular Acceleration
                        10.2. Kinematics of Rotational Motion
                        10.3. Dynamics of Rotational Motion: Rotational Inertia
                        10.4. Rotational Kinetic Energy: Work and Energy Revisited
                        10.5. Angular Momentum and Its Conservation
                        10.6. Collisions of Extended Bodies in Two Dimensions
                        10.7. Gyroscopic Effects: Vector Aspects of Angular Momentum
                        Final Assessment

                        • Fluid Statics AP®

                          11.1. What Is a Fluid?
                          11.2. Density
                          11.3. Pressure
                          11.4. Variation of Pressure with Depth in a Fluid
                          11.5. Pascal’s Principle
                          11.6. Gauge Pressure, Absolute Pressure, and Pressure Measurement
                          11.7. Archimedes’ Principle
                          11.8. Cohesion and Adhesion in Liquids: Surface Tension and Capillary Action
                          11.9. Pressures in the Body
                          Final Assessment

                          • Fluid Dynamics and Its Biological and Medical Applications AP®

                            12.1. Flow Rate and Its Relation to Velocity
                            12.2. Bernoulli’s Equation
                            12.3. The Most General Applications of Bernoulli’s Equation
                            12.4. Viscosity and Laminar Flow; Poiseuille’s Law
                            12.5. The Onset of Turbulence
                            12.6. Motion of an Object in a Viscous Fluid
                            12.7. Molecular Transport Phenomena: Diffusion, Osmosis, and Related Processes
                            Final Assessment

                            • Temperature, Kinetic Theory, and the Gas Laws AP®

                              13.1. Temperature
                              13.2. Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids
                              13.3. The Ideal Gas Law
                              13.4. Kinetic Theory: Atomic and Molecular Explanation of Pressure and Temperature
                              13.5. Phase Changes
                              13.6. Humidity, Evaporation, and Boiling
                              Final Assessment

                              • Heat and Heat Transfer Methods AP®

                                14.1. Heat
                                14.2. Temperature Change and Heat Capacity
                                14.3. Phase Change and Latent Heat
                                14.4. Heat Transfer Methods
                                14.5. Conduction
                                14.6. Convection
                                14.7. Radiation
                                Final Assessment

                                • Thermodynamics AP®

                                  15.1. The First Law of Thermodynamics
                                  15.2. The First Law of Thermodynamics and Some Simple Processes
                                  15.3. Introduction to the Second Law of Thermodynamics: Heat Engines and Their Efficiency
                                  15.4. Carnot’s Perfect Heat Engine: The Second Law of Thermodynamics Restated
                                  15.5. Applications of Thermodynamics: Heat Pumps and Refrigerators
                                  15.6. Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics: Disorder and the Unavailability of Energy
                                  15.7. Statistical Interpretation of Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics: The Underlying Explanation
                                  Final Assessment

                                  • Oscillatory Motion and Waves AP®

                                    16.1. Hooke’s Law: Stress and Strain Revisited
                                    16.2. Period and Frequency in Oscillations
                                    16.3. Simple Harmonic Motion: A Special Periodic Motion
                                    16.4. The Simple Pendulum
                                    16.5. Energy and the Simple Harmonic Oscillator
                                    16.6. Uniform Circular Motion and Simple Harmonic Motion
                                    16.7. Damped Harmonic Motion
                                    16.8. Forced Oscillations and Resonance
                                    16.9. Waves
                                    16.10. Superposition and Interference
                                    16.11. Energy in Waves: Intensity
                                    Final Assessment

                                    • Physics of Hearing AP®

                                      17.1. Sound
                                      17.2. Speed of Sound, Frequency, and Wavelength
                                      17.3. Sound Intensity and Sound Level
                                      17.4. Doppler Effect and Sonic Booms
                                      17.5. Sound Interference and Resonance: Standing Waves in Air Columns
                                      17.6. Hearing
                                      17.7. Ultrasound
                                      Final Assessment

                                      • Electric Charge and Electric Field AP®

                                        18.1. Static Electricity and Charge: Conservation of Charge
                                        18.2. Conductors and Insulators
                                        18.3. Conductors and Electric Fields in Static Equilibrium
                                        18.4. Coulomb’s Law
                                        18.5. Electric Field: Concept of a Field Revisited
                                        18.6. Electric Field Lines: Multiple Charges
                                        18.7. Electric Forces in Biology
                                        18.8. Applications of Electrostatics
                                        Final Assessment

                                        • Electric Potential and Electric Field AP®

                                          19.1. Electric Potential Energy: Potential Difference
                                          19.2. Electric Potential in a Uniform Electric Field
                                          19.3. Electrical Potential Due to a Point Charge
                                          19.4. Equipotential Lines
                                          19.5. Capacitors and Dielectrics
                                          19.6. Capacitors in Series and Parallel
                                          19.7. Energy Stored in Capacitors
                                          Final Assessment

                                          • Electric Current, Resistance, and Ohm's Law AP®

                                            20.1. Current
                                            20.2. Ohm’s Law: Resistance and Simple Circuits
                                            20.3. Resistance and Resistivity
                                            20.4. Electric Power and Energy
                                            20.5. Alternating Current versus Direct Current
                                            20.6. Electric Hazards and the Human Body
                                            20.7. Nerve Conduction–Electrocardiograms
                                            Final Assessment

                                            • Circuits, Bioelectricity, and DC Instruments AP®

                                              21.1. Resistors in Series and Parallel
                                              21.2. Electromotive Force: Terminal Voltage
                                              21.3. Kirchhoff’s Rules
                                              21.4. DC Voltmeters and Ammeters
                                              21.5. Null Measurements
                                              21.6. DC Circuits Containing Resistors and Capacitors
                                              Final Assessment

                                              • Magnetism AP®

                                                22.1. Magnets
                                                22.2. Ferromagnets and Electromagnets
                                                22.3. Magnetic Fields and Magnetic Field Lines
                                                22.4. Magnetic Field Strength: Force on a Moving Charge in a Magnetic Field
                                                22.5. Force on a Moving Charge in a Magnetic Field: Examples and Applications
                                                22.6. The Hall Effect
                                                22.7. Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor
                                                22.8. Torque on a Current Loop: Motors and Meters
                                                22.9. Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents: Ampere’s Law
                                                22.10. Magnetic Force between Two Parallel Conductors
                                                22.11. More Applications of Magnetism
                                                Final Assessment

                                                • Electromagnetic Induction, AC Circuits, and Electrical Technologies AP®

                                                  23.1. Induced Emf and Magnetic Flux
                                                  23.2. Faraday’s Law of Induction: Lenz’s Law
                                                  23.3. Motional Emf
                                                  23.4. Eddy Currents and Magnetic Damping
                                                  23.5. Electric Generators
                                                  23.6. Back Emf
                                                  23.7. Transformers
                                                  23.8. Electrical Safety: Systems and Devices
                                                  23.9. Inductance
                                                  23.10. RL Circuits
                                                  23.11. Reactance, Inductive and Capacitive
                                                  23.12. RLC Series AC Circuits
                                                  Final Assessment

                                                  • Electromagnetic Waves AP®

                                                    24.1. Maxwell’s Equations: Electromagnetic Waves Predicted and Observed
                                                    24.2. Production of Electromagnetic Waves
                                                    24.3. The Electromagnetic Spectrum
                                                    24.4. Energy in Electromagnetic Waves
                                                    Final Assessment

                                                    • Geometric Optics AP®

                                                      25.1. The Ray Aspect of Light
                                                      25.2. The Law of Reflection
                                                      25.3. The Law of Refraction
                                                      25.4. Total Internal Reflection
                                                      25.5. Dispersion: The Rainbow and Prisms
                                                      25.6. Image Formation by Lenses
                                                      25.7. Image Formation by Mirrors
                                                      Final Assessment

                                                      • Vision and Optical Instruments AP®

                                                        26.1. Physics of the Eye
                                                        26.2. Vision Correction
                                                        26.3. Color and Color Vision
                                                        26.4. Microscopes
                                                        26.5. Telescopes
                                                        26.6. Aberrations
                                                        Final Assessment

                                                        • Wave Optics AP®

                                                          27.1. The Wave Aspect of Light: Interference
                                                          27.2. Huygens's Principle: Diffraction
                                                          27.3. Young’s Double Slit Experiment
                                                          27.4. Multiple Slit Diffraction
                                                          27.5. Single Slit Diffraction
                                                          27.6. Limits of Resolution: The Rayleigh Criterion
                                                          27.7. Thin Film Interference
                                                          27.8. Polarization
                                                          27.9. *Extended Topic* Microscopy Enhanced by the Wave Characteristics of Light
                                                          Final Assessment

                                                          • Special Relativity AP®

                                                            28.1. Einstein’s Postulates
                                                            28.2. Simultaneity And Time Dilation
                                                            28.3. Length Contraction
                                                            28.4. Relativistic Addition of Velocities
                                                            28.5. Relativistic Momentum
                                                            28.6. Relativistic Energy
                                                            Final Assessment

                                                            • Introduction to Quantum Physics AP®

                                                              29.1. Quantization of Energy
                                                              29.2. The Photoelectric Effect
                                                              29.3. Photon Energies and the Electromagnetic Spectrum
                                                              29.4. Photon Momentum
                                                              29.5. The Particle-Wave Duality
                                                              29.6. The Wave Nature of Matter
                                                              29.7. Probability: The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
                                                              29.8. The Particle-Wave Duality Reviewed
                                                              Final Assessment

                                                              • Atomic Physics AP®

                                                                30.1. Discovery of the Atom
                                                                30.2. Discovery of the Parts of the Atom: Electrons and Nuclei
                                                                30.3. Bohr’s Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
                                                                30.4. X Rays: Atomic Origins and Applications
                                                                30.5. Applications of Atomic Excitations and De-Excitations
                                                                30.6. The Wave Nature of Matter Causes Quantization
                                                                30.7. Patterns in Spectra Reveal More Quantization
                                                                30.8. Quantum Numbers and Rules
                                                                30.9. The Pauli Exclusion Principle
                                                                Final Assessment

                                                                • Radioactivity and Nuclear Physics AP®

                                                                  31.1. Nuclear Radioactivity
                                                                  31.2. Radiation Detection and Detectors
                                                                  31.3. Substructure of the Nucleus
                                                                  31.4. Nuclear Decay and Conservation Laws
                                                                  31.5. Half-Life and Activity
                                                                  31.6. Binding Energy
                                                                  31.7. Tunneling
                                                                  Final Assessment

                                                                  • Medical Applications of Nuclear Physics AP®

                                                                    32.1. Medical Imaging and Diagnostics
                                                                    32.2. Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation
                                                                    32.3. Therapeutic Uses of Ionizing Radiation
                                                                    32.4. Food Irradiation
                                                                    32.5. Fusion
                                                                    32.6. Fission
                                                                    32.7. Nuclear Weapons
                                                                    Final Assessment

                                                                    • Particle Physics AP®

                                                                      33.1. The Yukawa Particle and the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Revisited
                                                                      33.2. The Four Basic Forces
                                                                      33.3. Accelerators Create Matter from Energy
                                                                      33.4. Particles, Patterns, and Conservation Laws
                                                                      33.5. Quarks: Is That All There Is?
                                                                      33.6. GUTs: The Unification of Forces
                                                                      Final Assessment

                                                                      • Frontiers of Physics AP®

                                                                        34.1. Cosmology and Particle Physics
                                                                        34.2. General Relativity and Quantum Gravity
                                                                        34.3. Superstrings
                                                                        34.4. Dark Matter and Closure
                                                                        34.5. Complexity and Chaos
                                                                        34.6. High-Temperature Superconductors
                                                                        34.7. Some Questions We Know to Ask
                                                                        Final Assessment

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