## Topic outline

• #### MICROBIOLOGY COURSE

This comprehensive course contains 26 sections with 153 self-grading lessons, including final assessments. The first section is available to try for free.

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• #### An Invisible World - Final Assessment

This is the final assessment for An Invisible World. (Available when you subscribe.)

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• #### How We See the Invisible World

2.1. The Properties of Light
2.2. Peering Into the Invisible World
2.3. Instruments of Microscopy
2.4. Staining Microscopic Specimens
Final Assessment

• #### The Cell

3.1. Spontaneous Generation
3.2. Foundations of Modern Cell Theory
3.3. Unique Characteristics of Prokaryotic Cells
3.4. Unique Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells
Final Assessment

• #### Prokaryotic Diversity

4.1. Prokaryote Habitats, Relationships, and Microbiomes
4.2. Proteobacteria
4.3. Nonproteobacteria Gram-Negative Bacteria and Phototrophic Bacteria
4.4. Gram-Positive Bacteria
4.5. Deeply Branching Bacteria
4.6. Archaea
Final Assessment

• #### The Eukaryotes of Microbiology

5.1. Unicellular Eukaryotic Parasites
5.2. Parasitic Helminths
5.3. Fungi
5.4. Algae
5.5. Lichens
Final Assessment

• #### Acellular Pathogens

6.1. Viruses
6.2. The Viral Life Cycle
6.3. Isolation, Culture, and Identification of Viruses
6.4. Viroids, Virusoids, and Prions
Final Assessment

• #### Microbial Biochemistry

7.1. Organic Molecules
7.2. Carbohydrates
7.3. Lipids
7.4. Proteins
7.5. Using Biochemistry to Identify Microorganisms
Final Assessment

• #### Microbial Metabolism

8.1. Energy, Matter, and Enzymes
8.2. Catabolism of Carbohydrates
8.3. Cellular Respiration
8.4. Fermentation
8.5. Catabolism of Lipids and Proteins
8.6. Photosynthesis
8.7. Biogeochemical Cycles
Final Assessment

• #### Microbial Growth

9.1. How Microbes Grow
9.2. Oxygen Requirements for Microbial Growth
9.3. The Effects of pH on Microbial Growth
9.4. Temperature and Microbial Growth
9.5. Other Environmental Conditions that Affect Growth
9.6. Media Used for Bacterial Growth
Final Assessment

• #### Biochemistry of the Genome

10.1. Using Microbiology to Discover the Secrets of Life
10.2. Structure and Function of DNA
10.3. Structure and Function of RNA
10.4. Structure and Function of Cellular Genomes
Final Assessment

• #### Mechanisms of Microbial Genetics

11.1. The Functions of Genetic Material
11.2. DNA Replication
11.3. RNA Transcription
11.4. Protein Synthesis (Translation)
11.5. Mutations
11.6. How Asexual Prokaryotes Achieve Genetic Diversity
11.7. Gene Regulation: Operon Theory
Final Assessment

• #### Modern Applications of Microbial Genetics

12.1. Microbes and the Tools of Genetic Engineering
12.2. Visualizing and Characterizing DNA, RNA, and Protein
12.3. Whole Genome Methods and Pharmaceutical Applications of Genetic Engineering
12.4. Gene Therapy
Final Assessment

• #### Control of Microbial Growth

13.1. Controlling Microbial Growth
13.2. Using Physical Methods to Control Microorganisms
13.3. Using Chemicals to Control Microorganisms
13.4. Testing the Effectiveness of Antiseptics and Disinfectants
Final Assessment

• #### Antimicrobial Drugs

14.1. History of Chemotherapy and Antimicrobial Discovery
14.2. Fundamentals of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
14.3. Mechanisms of Antibacterial Drugs
14.4. Mechanisms of Other Antimicrobial Drugs
14.5. Drug Resistance
14.6. Testing the Effectiveness of Antimicrobials
14.7. Current Strategies for Antimicrobial Discovery
Final Assessment

• #### Microbial Mechanisms of Pathogenicity

15.1. Characteristics of Infectious Disease
15.2. How Pathogens Cause Disease
15.3. Virulence Factors of Bacterial and Viral Pathogens
15.4. Virulence Factors of Eukaryotic Pathogens
Final Assessment

• #### Disease and Epidemiology

16.1. The Language of Epidemiologists
16.2. Tracking Infectious Diseases
16.3. Modes of Disease Transmission
16.4. Global Public Health
Final Assessment

• #### Innate Nonspecific Host Defenses

17.1. Physical Defenses
17.2. Chemical Defenses
17.3. Cellular Defenses
17.4. Pathogen Recognition and Phagocytosis
17.5. Inflammation and Fever
Final Assessment

• #### Adaptive Specific Host Defenses

18.1. Overview of Specific Adaptive Immunity
18.2. Major Histocompatibility Complexes and Antigen-Presenting Cells
18.3. T Lymphocytes and Cellular Immunity
18.4. B Lymphocytes and Humoral Immunity
18.5. Vaccines
Final Assessment

• #### Diseases of the Immune System

19.1. Hypersensitivities
19.2. Autoimmune Disorders
19.3. Organ Transplantation and Rejection
19.4. Immunodeficiency
19.5. Cancer Immunobiology and Immunotherapy
Final Assessment

• #### Laboratory Analysis of the Immune Response

20.1. Polyclonal and Monoclonal Antibody Production
20.2. Detecting Antigen-Antibody Complexes
20.3. Agglutination Assays
20.4. EIAs and ELISAs
20.5. Fluorescent Antibody Techniques
Final Assessment

• #### Skin and Eye Infections

21.1. Anatomy and Normal Microbiota of the Skin and Eyes
21.2. Bacterial Infections of the Skin and Eyes
21.3. Viral Infections of the Skin and Eyes
21.4. Mycoses of the Skin
21.5. Protozoan and Helminthic Infections of the Skin and Eyes
Final Assessment

• #### Respiratory System Infections

22.1. Anatomy and Normal Microbiota of the Respiratory Tract
22.2. Bacterial Infections of the Respiratory Tract
22.3. Viral Infections of the Respiratory Tract
22.4. Respiratory Mycoses
Final Assessment

• #### Urogenital System Infections

23.1. Anatomy and Normal Microbiota of the Urogenital Tract
23.2. Bacterial Infections of the Urinary System
23.3. Bacterial Infections of the Reproductive System
23.4. Viral Infections of the Reproductive System
23.5. Fungal Infections of the Reproductive System
23.6. Protozoan Infections of the Urogenital System
Final Assessment

• #### Digestive System Infections

24.1. Anatomy and Normal Microbiota of the Digestive System
24.2. Microbial Diseases of the Mouth and Oral Cavity
24.3. Bacterial Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract
24.4. Viral Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract
24.5. Protozoan Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract
24.6. Helminthic Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract
Final Assessment

• #### Circulatory and Lymphatic System Infections

25.1. Anatomy of the Circulatory and Lymphatic Systems
25.2. Bacterial Infections of the Circulatory and Lymphatic Systems
25.3. Viral Infections of the Circulatory and Lymphatic Systems
25.4. Parasitic Infections of the Circulatory and Lymphatic Systems
Final Assessment

• #### Nervous System Infections

26.1. Anatomy of the Nervous System
26.2. Bacterial Diseases of the Nervous System
26.3. Acellular Diseases of the Nervous System
26.4. Fungal and Parasitic Diseases of the Nervous System
Final Assessment